image
Chose Your Country

India Country Politics and Economics Report

Top News
Political News
Country Leaders
GDP News
Investment News
Demographics News
Net Exports News
Public Spending News
Public Debt News

Top News


Top


  • India’s Hindu hardliners attack Muslim ex-foreign minister’s home Al Jazeera
  • Highlights: Fire breaks out at Samsung service centre in Mumbai Hindustan Times
  • S-400 delivery to India has begun: Russian official Al Jazeera
  • India reports 8,865 new Covid infections, lowest in 287 days Times of India
  • India journalists accused of publishing ‘false news’ granted bail Al Jazeera
  • Purvanchal Expressway launch: All you need to know Times of India

    Finance


  • Investors pivot to India after China’s tech crackdown Financial Times
  • 'Unfair' for West to chide China, India on coal; developed nations ... Global Times
  • COP26 | Promised climate finance did not materialise: Sources Moneycontrol
  • Glasgow climate pact: An economist explains why India did not commit to coal phase out Scroll.in
  • Indian shares fall as finance, energy sectors drag; Reliance down over 1% Financial Post
  • Can't Stop Crypto But Must Be Regulated, Panel Of MPs And Industry Agree NDTV.com

    Celebrities


  • 5 Bollywood Celebrities With Exceptional Academic Prowess Outlook India
  • Bollywood stars, Indian celebrities launch NFTs amid global craze Reuters
  • In Pics: Indian Celebrities And Their NFT Craze ED Times
  • NFTs gaining traction in India as celebrities lead the way The Hindu Business Line
  • Koo is India's homegrown social network and is having success ... The Washington Post
  • Priyanka to Ayushmann, celebs congratulate newlyweds Rajkummar and Patralekhaa India Today

    Culture


  • KL Rahul: Rahul Dravid will bring culture of 'putting team ahead of personal goals' ESPNcricinfo
  • Rohit as leader will bring a lot of calm into dressing room, Dravid big on team culture: Rahul The Indian Express
  • Will Bring Culture Of Putting Team Ahead Of Self: KL Rahul On Coach Rahul Dravid The Quint
  • House of arts and culture a halt for Hindu deities and other artefacts Telegraph India
  • Kodava push to ‘protect’ community’s culture and values Hindustan Times
  • How an American woman built a unique collection of 1960s art from India, Iran and Turkey The National

    Criminal


  • Anticipatory Bail Law In India - Criminal Law - India Mondaq
  • India's Modi holds talks on criminal risks related to cryptocurrencies Reuters
  • Process underway to amend criminal laws in India: Amit Shah at Zonal Council meet The News Minute
  • UP no more a BIMARU state, second-largest economy after Maharashtra: Govt official Hindustan Times
  • The Abuse of Technology Modi Won't be Talking About Human Rights Watch
  • The Real 'State' in India Is Its Criminal Justice System The Wire

    Religion


  • India’s Hindu hardliners attack Muslim ex-foreign minister’s home Al Jazeera
  • India Religious and Spiritual Market 2021-2026 Current Report Analysis EIN News
  • Reviving the Debate on Indian Secularism in the Age of Religious Nationalism The Wire
  • Q&A: ‘Religious freedom conditions in India greatly concerning’ Al Jazeera
  • Salman Khurshid's house in Nainital vandalized, says 'attack not on me but on Hindu religion' Times of India
  • Sikh witness of India massacre saw how politics can fuel religious ... Times Union

    Politics


  • China and India will have to explain themselves on coal, COP26 president says CNBC
  • COP26: China and India must explain themselves, says Sharma BBC
  • China, India will need to explain coal move: COP26 president Hindustan Times
  • President Kovind to visit Bangladesh on December 16 to attend Victory Day celebrations: Official Times of India
  • India to destroy itself by promoting Islamophobia, hatred: President Associated Press of Pakistan
  • Vice President doesn’t attend events in memory of leaders as convention: RS Secretariat The Indian Express
  • National Sports Awards 2021: President Ram Nath Kovind honours India's sporting best at dazzling ceremony India Today
  • Russian President Putin likely to visit India next month for annual bilateral summit ThePrint
  • Kangana Ranaut not of sound mind: DCW chief urges President to withdraw actor's Padma Shri over 'bheek' remark India Today
  • PM Modi meets WEF president, highlights Indias economic reforms Business Standard
  • Mamata Banerjee wants to shake up Indian politics and beat Modi at ... NPR
  • Indian Prime Minister Modi Chairs Crypto Meeting After Consulting ... Bitcoin News
  • PM Modi inaugurates Purvanchal Expressway, witnesses IAF airshow | Highlights India Today
  • PM meeting with Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi: 1 November ... GOV.UK
  • India’s Hindu hardliners attack Muslim ex-foreign minister’s home Al Jazeera
  • CAG a heritage that every generation should cherish: PM Modi at first Audit Diwas Times of India
  • India's commitments to decarbonise the economy are real: PM Boris Johnson India Today
  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi to inaugurate India's first world-class railway station; Here are 5 things... Moneycontrol
  • Jawaharlal Nehru Birth Anniversary: Prime Minister Narendra Modi Pays Tribute to First Prime Minister of In News18
  • PM Modi to hand over 'Made in India' combat chopper to IAF in Jhansi Mint
  • Women entrepreneurs hold key to India's economic growth story News18
  • Morgan Stanley says Indian economy to witness strong recovery post-Covid but warns of inflation risk The Economic Times
  • 'Down' but not 'out': Economic growth needs fuel India's coal addiction The Japan Times
  • Indian economy to grow at double-digits this fiscal: CEA Times of India
  • 'Young and agile, India is poised for rapid economic growth' Moneycontrol
  • GDP boosted by base effect and vaccination, economists peg Q2 growth at 6.5-9.9% The Economic Times
  • Fitch Affirms India at 'BBB-'; Outlook Negative Fitch Ratings
  • India’s Economic Recovery on Track, GDP Growth in Second Quarter Will Reflect That News18
  • Indian economy is expected to grow beyond 10% in this fiscal: NITI Aayog vice chairman Rajiv Kumar The Economic Times
  • 'Indian Economy Can Grow at Fast Pace in Post-Pandemic Scenario': RBI Governor The Quint
  • Fitch Affirms India at 'BBB-'; Outlook Negative Fitch Ratings
  • Investors pivot to India after China’s tech crackdown Financial Times
  • SBI Conclave: India on cusp of recovery; fresh private investment key to sustainable post-pandemic growth, say CNBC TV18
  • Sitharaman interacts with CMs, FMs to step up investment, growth Outlook India
  • Investment trust review: India Capital Growth fund may be small but it’s mighty iNews
  • Tanla Platforms onboards Premji Invest as one of its marquee investors Mint
  • Emission cut vows a risk to growth, inflation: RBI Times of India
  • India will be the next global investment hotspot: Piyush Goyal Business Today
  • Buzzing Stocks: Escorts, Cipla, Phoenix Mills and other stocks in news today Moneycontrol
  • Jobs, demand, bank credit growth to kick-start investment cycle: Finance Ministry The Hindu
  • Don’t fall for the myth of fast-rising population growth Financial Times
  • India’s Growing Population and Causes for Concern Moneycontrol
  • 'Young and agile, India is poised for rapid economic growth' Moneycontrol
  • Pressure on global energy crisis deepens with population growth WION
  • Why should India invest in its adolescent population? New study has ... Down To Earth
  • Deflating the bogey of a rapidly growing Muslim population Tribune India
  • India's Stock Market is Soaring, Luring Investors at Home and Abroad The New York Times
  • Investors pivot to India after China’s tech crackdown Financial Times
  • Website Tells You The Total Global Population On The Day You Were Born Indiatimes.com
  • 'Down' but not 'out': Economic growth needs fuel India's coal addiction The Japan Times
  • India exports grow for 11th month; October shipments surge 43% ICIS
  • Indias October YoY merchandise exports up by 43%, imports rise 62% Business Standard
  • Indian exports also back to the Pre-Pandemic levels in first half of ... FACTLY
  • Can exports power India’s growth? The Hindu Business Line
  • Exports grow 11 months on trot, rise 43% to $35.65 billion in October Business Standard
  • India needs different mix of goods and services to sustain export growth: India Ratings Mint
  • India's overall exports rise nearly 36% yoy to $56.51B in Oct 2021, imports logs 57.32% yoy growth IndiaInfoline
  • New car, SUV exports climb 73 percent in FY2022 Autocar India
  • India's exports increase 35 pct in October China.org
  • Key sector growth pushes October exports up 43% to $35.65 b The Hindu Business Line
  • The untold tragedy of India's budget schools Mint
  • India's budget wins applause for keeping it real Reuters
  • Union Budget 2021: Here's a quick look at the highlights Mint
  • Indian tourists set to be highly sought-after eTurboNews | Trends | Travel News
  • Budget 2021-22: Union Budget 2021 News and Updates, Income ... Moneycontrol
  • India is said to seek to narrow budget deficit target to 6.3% The Economic Times
  • India's budget aiming to revive economy with limited fiscal headroom Reuters
  • Exclusive: India's budget seen raising import duties by 5%-10% on dozens of items - sources Reuters
  • India's Budget Must Fix a Broken Labor Market to Boost Demand Bloomberg.com
  • India's budget promises big spending despite fiscal deficit woes Quartz
  • India Debt to Avoid Sell Offs on RBI Steps: Reliance Nippon Life Bloomberg.com
  • India Debt to Avoid Sell Offs on RBI Steps: Reliance Nippon Life BNN
  • Household debts in India were soaring even before the pandemic made things worse Scroll.in
  • VTTI to acquire India's debt-ridden IL&FS's stake in Fujairah fuel ... Arabian Business
  • Even Before Pandemic, Debts Had Soared By 84% In Rural & 42% In Urban India IndiaSpend
  • 'Punjab is most indebted state': Navjot Sidhu demands transparency from Congress govt Republic World
  • Why has India asked ADB and AIIB for covid-19 vaccine loans? Quartz
  • India's debt burden explained in charts Times of India
  • Global debt jumps to a new high of $226 trillion; India debt jumps to 89.6% in 2020: IMF Moneycontrol
  • IDRCL: Incentives and transparency, not RBI The Economic Times

    India Leaders


    President


  • President of India confers 'Khel Ratna' Honours on LPU's Olympians 5 Dariya News
  • National Sports Awards 2021: President Ram Nath Kovind honours India's sporting best at dazzling ceremony India Today
  • ‘A moment to cherish’: BCCI releases videos of Mithali Raj, Shikhar Dhawan being honoured by President Hindustan Times
  • China and India will have to explain themselves on coal, COP26 president says CNBC

    Speaker of Parliament


  • Nehru birth anniversary: Opposition parties question absence of RS Chairman, Speaker, ministers at Parliament event The Indian Express
  • Nehru's birth anniversary: Opposition slams govt over absence of RS Chairman, LS Speaker from Parliament Times of India
  • Absence of presiding officers at Parliament’s Central Hall on Nehru’s birthday draws flak The Hindu
  • India and Lanka Parliamentary Friendship Association revived The Island

    Prime Minister


  • Mamata Banerjee wants to shake up Indian politics and beat Modi at ... NPR
  • Jawaharlal Nehru Birth Anniversary: Prime Minister Narendra Modi Pays Tribute to First Prime Minister of In News18
  • How Jawaharlal Nehru became first Prime Minister of free India OpIndia
  • Children’s Day 2021: Vice President, Prime Minister Extends Greetings, Pay Tribute To Jawaharlal Nehru NDTV.com

    Deputy Prime Minister


  • Deputy Prime Minister Barnaby Joyce mocks COP26 president Arok ... News.com.au
  • Despite Pak PM's Words, India Awaits Reply on Proposal to Allow Wheat Supply to Afghanistan The Wire
  • Watch: Indian expat artist marks UAE’s Golden Jubilee with a masterpiece Gulf News
  • Full Punjab Cabinet In 1st Delegation To Kartarpur Sahib: Chief Minister NDTV.com

    Minister of Economy


  • India's commitments to decarbonise the economy are real: PM Boris Johnson India Today
  • Centre to disburse ?95,082 cr to States in November to sustain recovery The Hindu
  • Economy Growing Significantly Post Second Wave Of Pandemic Says Finance Minister Business Standard
  • Nirmala Sitharaman holds meetings with CMs, state Finance Ministers on post-pandemic economic recovery ANI News

    Minister of Agriculture


  • Will India’s digital push in agricultural help farmers or help exploit them? Scroll.in
  • Punjab Agricultural University Receives Agri-Food India Awards 2021 Krishi Jagran
  • Rs 400 crore worth crops destroyed in rains in Kerala: Minister P Prasad Times of India
  • India’s first food museum inaugurated in Thanjavur Times of India

    Minister of Culture


  • Jairam Ramesh moves privilege motion against Culture minister The Indian Express
  • Culture Ministry to host Vande Bharatam-Nritya Utsav; winners to perform on Republic Day Republic World
  • Competition to select dancers for Republic Day: Culture Ministry The Hindu
  • For first time after independence, potential of Indian Railways being explored on such a large scale: PM Times of India

    Minister of Defense


  • The widening and deepening of Israel-India ties - analysis The Jerusalem Post
  • COP26 Coal Deal: Role of US and China Hidden by India Bloomberg.com
  • Indian-origin Anita Anand is Canada’s new Defence Minister The Indian Express
  • India Defense Chief Says China Is the 'Biggest Security Threat' Bloomberg.com

    Minister of Education


  • National Education Day 2021: Motivational quotes by India’s first education minister, Maulana Abul Kalam Times of India
  • Rajasthan Chief Minister Asked Teachers A Question, Got Unexpected Reply NDTV.com
  • India's first state-based education technology forum created in Maharashtra India Today
  • Education ministry finalising details of 2022 entrance test for central varsities Times of India

    Minister of Energy


  • India Energy Minister: We Made a 'Concerted Push' With OPEC Bloomberg.com
  • India's oil minister says volatility could hurt energy transition Reuters
  • Why India needs a Ministry of Energy The Indian Express
  • MNRE team to visit Ladakh to sort out issues related to 10-GW renewable energy project The Economic Times

    Minister of Finance


  • 'Ask Your Government Why...': Finance Minister On State Taxes On Fuel NDTV.com
  • Sitharaman urges states to smoothen land acquisition procedures; help India become fastest-growing economy Free Press Journal
  • Centre to release additional instalment of tax devolutions, States to get ?95,082 crore by Nov 22 The Hindu Business Line
  • Indian Prime Minister Modi Chairs Crypto Meeting After Consulting ... Bitcoin News

    Minister of Foreign Affairs


  • Rwanda: India's External Affairs Minister Visits Rwanda allAfrica.com
  • Sheikh Mohamed bin Zayed meets India's Minister of External Affairs The National
  • India's external affairs minister visits Rwanda | The New Times ... Newtimes
  • Cross-Strait Tensions on the Rise: What India can Do? The Financial Express

    Minister of Internal Affairs


  • Civil Society the new frontier of War – A Critical Analysis of NSA Ajit Doval’s observation – Part 2 Times of India
  • Opinion | 'Sooryavanshi' is dangerous Islamophobic propaganda The Washington Post
  • Government considers reopening Kartarpur Corridor The Hindu
  • Union home minister Amit Shah to visit UP on Nov 12, 13, will discuss election strategy India Today

    Minister of Justice


  • Judges should consider carrying out field visits: Rijiju Times of India
  • Law Minister Kiren Rijiju launches 'first of its type' Citizens' Tele-Law mobile app Republic World
  • Kiren Rijiju launches Citizen’s Tele-Law mobile app that will cover 75,000 Gram Panchayats ThePrint
  • "Don't Get The Secret Of Kiren Rijiju's Youth": Chief Justice Joshes Law Minister NDTV.com

    Minister of Health


  • In Photos: Health Minister Cycles To International Trade Fair In Delhi NDTV.com
  • Health Minister Mansukh Mandaviya suggests stickers be given to notify fully vaccinated status of families The Economic Times
  • Committed to providing medical insurance to retired Air India staffers: Scindia tells Sena MP Hindustan Times
  • Coronavirus Live News: Pfizer signs deal allowing other companies to make its Covid-19 pill; Russia allows air travel to more countries amid Covid surge The Financial Express

    Minister of Infrastructure


  • TN seeks Union govt.’s support to boost investment, infrastructure development The Hindu
  • Post-Mortem Can Be Conducted In Hospitals Even After Sunset With Adequate Infrastructure: Health Ministry ABP LIVE
  • Mandaviya rides bicycle on way to launch Health Ministrys pavilion at IITF Business Standard
  • Union minister Piyush Goyal launches India's first Food Museum in Tamil Nadu's Thanjavur India Today

    Minister of Sports


  • Rajasthan Gramin Olympics to script new global history in sports: Minister Ashok Chandna Times of India
  • Mamata Banerjee wants to shake up Indian politics and beat Modi at ... NPR
  • Fencer Bhavani Devi receives Arjuna Award from Sports Minister Anurag Thakur Firstpost
  • Fencer Bhavani Devi Receives Her Arjuna Award from Sports Minister Anurag Thakur News18

    Director of State Security Service


  • Sheel Vardhan Singh takes charge as Director General of Central Industrial Security Force India Today
  • President Biden Announces Additional Nominees The White House
  • US concerned over delivery of Russias S-400 missile system to India Business Standard
  • The Week That Will Be - Lawfare Lawfare Blog

    Chairman National Bank


  • When RBI warns about something, listen: Governor Das on cryptocurrencies Business Standard
  • Banking community comes out in Pratip Chaudhuri’s support; vouch for his ‘unimpeachable integrity’ Business Today
  • Pradeep Kumar succeeds Jayarama Bhat as new chairman of Karnataka Bank The Hindu
  • SBI onboards U GRO Capital as its first co-lending partner for its ... EquityBulls.com

    Permanent Representative to the UN


  • India is fully committed to multilateralism and to strengthening the United Nations: Amb TS Tirumurti The Financial Express
  • Professor Bimal Patel elected to UN’s International Law Commission for 5-yr term ThePrint
  • ‘India vs UK’ review: A victory for diplomacy The Hindu
  • Pakistan reiterates opposition to G4 move for permanent UNSC seats UNITED NEWS OF INDIA

    Presidents Chief of Staff


  • Trump ally Bannon taken into custody on contempt charges Times of India
  • POLITICO Playbook: A victory lap and a reality check - POLITICO Politico
  • President confers General of Indian Army rank to Nepal Army Chief Business Standard
  • 5 things to know for November 16: Capitol riot, China, Russia, Covid ... KESQ

    Chairman of Supreme Court


  • Elephant Corridor: Supreme Court Allows Transfer Of Nilgiris District Collector Live Law
  • Right To Be Represented By Counsel Or Agent Of Choice In Disciplinary Proceedings Is Not Absolute:... Live Law
  • Preserve, protect judiciary’s independence and integrity: CJI to High Courts Hindustan Times
  • BREAKING : Supreme Court Dismisses Pleas Challenging Appointment Of Dinkar Gupta As Punjab DGP Live Law

    Opposition


  • Opposition attacks government move to prolong tenures of CBI, ED chiefs Times of India
  • ‘They want to control everything as if they are going to rule for 100 years’ Hindustan Times
  • CBI, ED chiefs’ tenures extended by 5 years: Dictatorial, no role for House, says Opposition The Indian Express
  • India’s Hindu hardliners attack Muslim ex-foreign minister’s home Al Jazeera

    Economic News and Data


    GDP

  • Morgan Stanley says Indian economy to witness strong recovery post-Covid but warns of inflation risk The Economic Times
  • India economy roars back but price rises threaten recovery Financial Times
  • Net-zero impact positive? India's GDP in 2050 projected to be higher by $406 bn than business-as-usual sce The Economic Times
  • Indias GDP likely to grow at 10-10.5% in FY2022: Brickwork Ratings Business Standard
  • Fitch Affirms India at 'BBB-'; Outlook Negative Fitch Ratings
  • Indian economy to grow at double-digits this fiscal: CEA Times of India
  • Indian economy is expected to grow beyond 10% in this fiscal: NITI Aayog vice chairman Rajiv Kumar The Economic Times
  • GDP boosted by base effect and vaccination, economists peg Q2 growth at 6.5-9.9% The Economic Times
  • India’s Economic Recovery on Track, GDP Growth in Second Quarter Will Reflect That News18
  • India's Broken Credit System Is Stalling GDP growth The Wire
    Loading graph...
    Loading graph...

    Loading graph...

    Loading graph...

    Loading graph...

    Loading graph...

    Investment

  • Fitch Affirms India at 'BBB-'; Outlook Negative Fitch Ratings
  • Investors pivot to India after China’s tech crackdown Financial Times
  • SBI Conclave: India on cusp of recovery; fresh private investment key to sustainable post-pandemic growth, say CNBC TV18
  • Sitharaman interacts with CMs, FMs to step up investment, growth Outlook India
  • Investment trust review: India Capital Growth fund may be small but it’s mighty iNews
  • Tanla Platforms onboards Premji Invest as one of its marquee investors Mint
  • Emission cut vows a risk to growth, inflation: RBI Times of India
  • India will be the next global investment hotspot: Piyush Goyal Business Today
  • Buzzing Stocks: Escorts, Cipla, Phoenix Mills and other stocks in news today Moneycontrol
  • Jobs, demand, bank credit growth to kick-start investment cycle: Finance Ministry The Hindu
    Loading graph...
    Loading graph...

    Loading graph...

    Loading graph...

    Loading graph...

    Demographics

  • Don’t fall for the myth of fast-rising population growth Financial Times
  • India’s Growing Population and Causes for Concern Moneycontrol
  • 'Young and agile, India is poised for rapid economic growth' Moneycontrol
  • Pressure on global energy crisis deepens with population growth WION
  • Why should India invest in its adolescent population? New study has ... Down To Earth
  • Deflating the bogey of a rapidly growing Muslim population Tribune India
  • India's Stock Market is Soaring, Luring Investors at Home and Abroad The New York Times
  • Investors pivot to India after China’s tech crackdown Financial Times
  • Website Tells You The Total Global Population On The Day You Were Born Indiatimes.com
  • 'Down' but not 'out': Economic growth needs fuel India's coal addiction The Japan Times
    Loading graph...
    Loading graph...

    Loading graph...

    Loading graph...

    Export/Import

  • India exports grow for 11th month; October shipments surge 43% ICIS
  • Indias October YoY merchandise exports up by 43%, imports rise 62% Business Standard
  • Indian exports also back to the Pre-Pandemic levels in first half of ... FACTLY
  • Can exports power India’s growth? The Hindu Business Line
  • Exports grow 11 months on trot, rise 43% to $35.65 billion in October Business Standard
  • India needs different mix of goods and services to sustain export growth: India Ratings Mint
  • India's overall exports rise nearly 36% yoy to $56.51B in Oct 2021, imports logs 57.32% yoy growth IndiaInfoline
  • New car, SUV exports climb 73 percent in FY2022 Autocar India
  • India's exports increase 35 pct in October China.org
  • Key sector growth pushes October exports up 43% to $35.65 b The Hindu Business Line
    Loading graph...
    Loading graph...

    Loading graph...

    Public Spending

  • The untold tragedy of India's budget schools Mint
  • India's budget wins applause for keeping it real Reuters
  • Union Budget 2021: Here's a quick look at the highlights Mint
  • Indian tourists set to be highly sought-after eTurboNews | Trends | Travel News
  • Budget 2021-22: Union Budget 2021 News and Updates, Income ... Moneycontrol
  • India is said to seek to narrow budget deficit target to 6.3% The Economic Times
  • India's budget aiming to revive economy with limited fiscal headroom Reuters
  • Exclusive: India's budget seen raising import duties by 5%-10% on dozens of items - sources Reuters
  • India's Budget Must Fix a Broken Labor Market to Boost Demand Bloomberg.com
  • India's budget promises big spending despite fiscal deficit woes Quartz
    Loading graph...
    Loading graph...

    Loading graph...

    Loading graph...

    Public Debt

  • India Debt to Avoid Sell Offs on RBI Steps: Reliance Nippon Life Bloomberg.com
  • India Debt to Avoid Sell Offs on RBI Steps: Reliance Nippon Life BNN
  • Household debts in India were soaring even before the pandemic made things worse Scroll.in
  • VTTI to acquire India's debt-ridden IL&FS's stake in Fujairah fuel ... Arabian Business
  • Even Before Pandemic, Debts Had Soared By 84% In Rural & 42% In Urban India IndiaSpend
  • 'Punjab is most indebted state': Navjot Sidhu demands transparency from Congress govt Republic World
  • Why has India asked ADB and AIIB for covid-19 vaccine loans? Quartz
  • India's debt burden explained in charts Times of India
  • Global debt jumps to a new high of $226 trillion; India debt jumps to 89.6% in 2020: IMF Moneycontrol
  • IDRCL: Incentives and transparency, not RBI The Economic Times
    Loading graph...
    Loading graph...

    Loading graph...